What happened to the cockpit of Tu-154M in Smolensk?
by Smolensk Cash News Digest
April 10, 2020
One of the most important parts of every airplane is its cockpit, or the flight deck, i.e. the area from which the pilots, navigator and flight technicians control the aircraft. This is where the central command point of the airplane is located.
After the April 10, 2010 crash of the Polish Tu-154M in Smolensk, Russia, everybody was asking what happened to the cockpit of this airplane because it was not clearly visible in the pictures from the crash site.
In the Final Russian Report issued on January 11, 2011 by MAK, the Russians only noted that "the forward fuselage with the cockpit was totally destroyed. A fragment of the nose of the fuselage, with the nose gear strut, was located 397m from the runway threshold [...] The upper and side skin panels were destroyed", (page 81). The information about the cockpit parts was also included in the wreckage list. Under Item 70, the following parts of the cockpit are listed: fragments of the nose, nose landing gear, shutter with the tail number 101, cockpit appliances, units, cockpit accessory compartments. These were the only pieces of cockpit debris identified in the MAK report. The wreckage list was preceded with the statement: "The following table contains the complete list of the aircraft fragments on the wreckage plot."
In the Polish report from July 29, 2011, also known as the Miller Report, the authors claim that "the measurement of the dispersion of the basic aircraft elements was also performed." The wreckage list includes the information that "the crew cabin with the front shin was located 405 meters from the runway threshold," (page 66). Hence, both MAK and Miller’s reports locate the cockpit debris within second and third sectors of the debris field, close the airstrip threshold, as shown below.
The experts from the Polish Prosecutor's Office also dealt with the question of how the cockpit was destroyed. In the chapter entitled EVIDENTIAL ANALYSIS, from the Expert Opinion issued in November 2014, on page 66, item Dow.2 / V / 2.4, they presented the view that "after the left wing’s collision with the ground, the aircraft then hit (the ground) with the front of the fuselage (nose), with a roll angle less than 140 degree [... ]."
In the Prosecution’s Expert Opinion, it is further stated that "as a result of this impact, the hull was broken [...]." The included attachment shows an illustration with the following description: "a model of TU-154M on a scale 1:100 fitted to the ‘crash site’ on the same scale." This illustration shows that the airplane hits the ground with the outer skin above the ceiling of the pilot's cabin at the very beginning of the main debris field, in sector 12. See Fig. 1.
Fig. No. 1. Tu-154M strikes the ground with the roof above the cockpit at the beginning of the main debris field in sector 12. Illustration Graphic by the State Public Prosecutor's Office of Poland.
On page 99 of the Prosecution’s Expert Opinion, the authors described the effects of hitting the ground as follows: "The impact of the nose with the ground first caused abrasion of the cockpit ceiling above the head of the Pilot-in-Command, next the entire cockpit ceiling. [...] As a result of the collision with the ground, the front part of the fuselage, from the nose of the aircraft to the frame 19, was almost completely destroyed, or wiped out [...] Only the lower parts of the skin are preserved from the front [section] of the aircraft, [...]."
What really happened to the cockpit?
A comprehensive answer to the question as to what happened to the cockpit of the Tu-154M in Smolensk is provided in the 2020 Report of the Polish Sub-Commission for the Reinvestigation of the Smolensk Crash. First, no cockpit fragments were found in sector 12 of the crash site. The first fragments of the cockpit were identified only in the middle sectors of the crash site. Most of the cockpit fragments were found in sector 8, in the main field of debris. These fragments were not identified by any previous reports. Among them were the following: the upper sheathing above the cockpit, two large fragments of the side sheathing, and the sheathing located in the aircraft structure under the pilot's windows marked with a painted Polish Emblem. Some of those newly identified fragments from the upper part of the cockpit are shown in Fig. No. 2.
Fig. No. 2. Right side view of the airframe. Four fragments of the cockpit found in sector 8 of the crash site, identified only in 2019, are marked with red ellipses.
As shown in the photographs from the crash site below, these fragments were not rubbed into the ground, but lay side by side on the muddy surface. (Fig. No. 3)
Fig. 3. Fragments of the upper part of the pilot's cabin lying in the mud in sector 8 at the crash site.
The condition of the cockpit debris on the crash site, as shown above, contradicts the theory that they were robbed into the ground. They all are identified on the crash site in the 8th sector. In fact, fragments from the top of the pilot's cabin are mostly located in the middle of the crash site, primarily in sector 8. Their location on the crash site also contradicts the thesis that the airplane nosedived hitting the ground in sector 12 and thereby totally destroyed these elements.
Fig. 4. Location of 2 pieces of Tu-154M cockpit fragments in relation to the cockpit and the crash site.
This finding, among many others, proves that once the left wing and the tail of Tu-154M embossed north and south grooves at the beginning of the crash site, a large explosion took place several milliseconds later in the front left corner of the central fuel tank, causing total disintegration of the airplane. The fuselage was still about 6 meters above the ground. At the moment of explosion, the cockpit was also above the ground, hitting the terrain no earlier than in sector 8. The low altitude explosion caused the opening of the fuselage roof outside. As a result, section 5 of the fuselage turned upside down and landed in the inverted position, with both walls deformed outside. The explosion also caused the left passenger door to be forced and embedded perpendicularity into the ground, 1-meter deep, with vertical speed of no less than 125m/s.
These and many other findings prove beyond any doubt that a powerful explosion in the fuselage that took place at a very low altitude destroyed the fuselage of the Polish Tu-154M with the President of Poland and top Polish leadership onboard on April 10, 2010 in Smolensk, Russia.
The trip to Smolensk was expected to highlight Russia finally admitting culpability in the massacre, after long having blamed it on the Germans, an atrocity they had tried to conceal for over 70 years.
As for the reception committee, it had different ideas. Putin wasn’t looking forward to such an occasion. Into this poisonous reception brew was President Kaczynski’s well-known public criticism of Moscow and Putin, a habit that has ended the lives of others within Russia – and abroad. A few discouraging Russian requirements – that Kaczynski could not attend in any official capacity – did not halt the Poles. Kaczynski would go anyway on non-official, “personal” business. To Russians, such a distinction would be meaningless, not lessening the possible international excoriation of such an event. A problem ripe for a modern, Russian solution: a tragic, ‘natural’ accident.
The year is 1986. The first in a series of many “spontaneous” meetings between the USSR and the German Democratic Republic intelligence officers, are being held in Dresden, East Germany.
After several months of these “informal” meetings, an unremarkable - in both height and rank - KGB officer, speaking excellent German, albeit with a bit of a funny accent, becomes their host. No one there had paid much attention to a man named Vladimir Putin.
While the explosives’ detection issue was temporarily relegated to the second pages, just like the “Tape Scandal,” this problem is not going away either. The detonating cord attached to the “Smolensk explosives” is no longer smoldering - it is already lit, and is slowly moving to blow up in the faces of “truth shamans” hard at work socio-engineering their masters out of this uncontainable mess. Considerable erosion of public trust in the sitting government, as confirmed by recent polls, gives credence to another tectonic shift, whose aftershock is about to be felt in Poland.
Will Mr. Tusk be able to roll-out, in time, the friendly-media firetrucks to extinguish the burning detonating cord inextricably attached to the Smolensk crash “un-explosives”? Recently, two eminent Polish chemists, Dr. Krystyna Kamieńska-Trela, Ph.D., and Dr. Sławomir Szymański, Ph.D., released their ground-breaking findlings. With utmost scientific certainty, the scientists confirmed the presence of explosives on the wreckage of the Polish government plane that crashed in Smolensk in 2010. More here ...
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